Lesson 19
Getting new vocabulary I


 

Every tile counts.

 

The truth is that if you don’t dramatically increase your active vocabulary, you’ll never be an advanced student of English.

 

Note: Notice I say “active vocabulary” to distinguish it from “passive vocabulary”. Active vocabulary is the vocabulary that you can reproduce with no mistakes. So it means that you know the meaning, the sound and the context in which a word is used.

 

What do you need to learn new vocabulary?

 

Discipline

    The most important skill to become an advanced student is not to be talented but rather to be disciplined.

    Learning new vocabulary as an adult is not an easy task because it requires a lot of discipline.

    In fact, if students don’t progress, it’s only because they don’t dedicate enough time to learning the new vocabulary; they see the new words and they completely ignore them.

    Hence, you’ll need discipline to learn every new word and expression of the audiobook by heart. This means reviewing the words every time you have a minute: at home, in your office, at your school, when you are waiting for someone, travelling home or to your office/school.

     

    Careful observation

      Students don’t learn English as fast as they could simply because they don’t pay enough attention; this means realising what the sound of the word is, what its meaning is and in which context it should be used. So please, PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT YOU HEAR AND SEE.

       

      Lots of practice

        You don’t learn a word only by saying it aloud a couple of times. You have to say the new word – or expression- aloud A HUNDRED times if necessary.

         

        Remember that advanced students learn more words just because they work harder repeating words. The opposite is also true; students stay at a low level of English just because they never sit down to learn new words. They continue to speak like a child all their lives.

          

        What method will we use to learn new vocabulary?

        There are several methods for learning vocabulary. I often recommend a combination of them. For example: learning through watching films, listening, audios, repeating and reading. You can use all these methods whenever you have time to learn new vocabulary. In this course, however, we’ll use the audiobook as our main tool for learning new words.

         

        It’s indeed an ideal tool because it allows you to combine the listening with the meaning in the context of a story. This makes it easier to learn new words.

         

        Steps to follow

        With the help of the audiobook, you are going to learn new vocabulary; first by listening carefully and then you’ll try to associate the new words to some images I have included below.

         

        Note: If you have trouble reproducing the sound, check the phonetics in wordreference and use a page like www.howjsay.com to listen to those words that are for you difficult to understand.

         

        If you do it the other way round, that is by reading instead of listening, you’ll ruin your capacity to reproduce the new words correctly. So DON’T EVER READ BEFORE LISTENING.

         

        Go to chapter 1 of your audiobook and get ready to learn vocabulary by LISTENING and associating ideas.

        Look for each of the sentences that are represented here in your audiobook. Play the sentence and look at the picture at the same time.

        Repeat each sentence aloud many times, trying to sound as native as possible. If you have doubts about the meaning of the sentences, please, check the translation in your audiobook.

         

        Chapter 1

        To be FILLED estar lleno

        The studio was filled with an intense smell of roses

        The studio was filled with an intense smell of roses

        The studio was filled with an intense smell of roses

         

        To SPREAD OUT - extenderse

        Spread out over a divan- (couch or sofa)

        Spread out over a divan- (couch or sofa)

        Spread out over a divan- (couch or sofa)

        Spread out over a divan- (couch or sofa)

         

        EASEL- Caballete

        On an easel

        On an easel

        On an easel

        On an easel

        On an easel

         

        He RAISED his eyebrows- levantó las cejas. He looked with ASTONISHMENT- Miró atónito

        Lord Henry raised his eyebrows and looked with astonishment

        Lord Henry raised his eyebrows and looked with astonishment

        Lord Henry raised his eyebrows and looked with astonishment

        Lord Henry raised his eyebrows and looked with astonishment

          

        To SEEK- Buscar

        They seek fame and then they don’t want it

        They seek fame and then they don’t want it

        They seek fame and then they don’t want it

        They seek fame and then they don’t want it

         

        To HAVE NOTHING TO DO- No tener nada que ver

        Intelligence has nothing to do with beauty

        Intelligence has nothing to do with beauty

        Intelligence has nothing to do with beauty

        Intelligence has nothing to do with beauty

         

        NOTHING LIKE EACH OTHER- No parecerse- Also “nothing alike”

        You are nothing like each other

        You are nothing like each other

        You are nothing like each other

        You are nothing like each other

         

          

        BETRAYAL- Traición

        For me is betrayal

        For me is betrayal

        For me is betrayal

        For me is betrayal

         

         

          

        To CHEAT- Engañar

        The partners cheat regularly

        The partners cheat regularly

        The partners cheat regularly

        The partners cheat regularly

         

         

          

        SHAMELESSNESS- Desvergüenza

        Your shamelessness is just a front

        Your shamelessness is just a front

        Your shamelessness is just a front

        Your shamelessness is just a front

         

         

          

        BENCH- banco (de un parque)

        They sat on a bench

        They sat on a bench

        They sat on a bench

        They sat on a bench

         

          

        LED- Past tense of Lead- Llevar, guiar, liderar

        He led him into the house

        He led him into the house

        He led him into the house

        He led him into the house

         

          

         

        Chapter 2

        SCORE – partitura- puntuación

         

        Turning the pages of a score

        Turning the pages of a score

        Turning the pages of a score

        Turning the pages of a score

         

          

        TRUSTWORTHY – De fiar

        He seemed to be a trustworthy person

        He seemed to be a trustworthy person

        He seemed to be a trustworthy person

        He seemed to be a trustworthy person

         

          

        to GET RID OF- Deshacerse

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

         

          

        to YIELD to it- rendirse. Also: ceder el paso, rendimiento, cosecha

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

        The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it

         

          

        STAMMER(ED) Tartamudear.

        Let me think, stammered Dorian Gray

        Let me think, stammered Dorian Gray

        Let me think, stammered Dorian Gray

        Let me think, stammered Dorian Gray

         

          

        SHADE- Sombra que proyecta una cosa

         

        Let’s sit in the shade.

        Let’s sit in the shade.

        Let’s sit in the shade.

        Let’s sit in the shade.

         

          

        HIDEOUS- Espantoso

        I will become old, horrible, hideous

        I will become old, horrible, hideous

        I will become old, horrible, hideous

        I will become old, horrible, hideous

         

          

        In AWE- con asombro

        The painter looked at him in awe

        The painter looked at him in awe

        The painter looked at him in awe

        The painter looked at him in awe 

          

        GLAD- Contento

        I am glad you appreciate my work

        I am glad you appreciate my work

        I am glad you appreciate my work

        I am glad you appreciate my work

          

        SHRUGGED- encogerse de hombros

         

        Lord Henry shrugged his shoulders

        Lord Henry shrugged his shoulders

        Lord Henry shrugged his shoulders

        Lord Henry shrugged his shoulders

          

        BIT- past tense of “bite”- Morder

        The painter bit his lip

        The painter bit his lip

        The painter bit his lip

        The painter bit his lip

          

        BEG- rogar

        I beg you not to go

        I beg you not to go

        I beg you not to go

        I beg you not to go

          

         

         

         

        Chapter 3

        BACHELOR- soltero

        Lord Henry Wotton went to visit his uncle, the old, great and rather brusque bachelor

        Lord Henry Wotton went to visit his uncle, the old, great and rather brusque bachelor

        Lord Henry Wotton went to visit his uncle, the old, great and rather brusque bachelor

        Lord Henry Wotton went to visit his uncle, the old, great and rather brusque bachelor

          

          FED- Past tense of “feed”- alimentar, dar de comer

        He fed the people who entertained him

        He fed the people who entertained him

        He fed the people who entertained him

        He fed the people who entertained him

        He fed the people who entertained him

         

          GRUMBLE- refunfuñar

        He found him grumbling about something The Times had published

        He found him grumbling about something The Times had published

        He found him grumbling about something The Times had published

        He found him grumbling about something The Times had published

         

          CHAP- tipo

        She escaped with a young chap with no money

        She escaped with a young chap with no money

        She escaped with a young chap with no money

        She escaped with a young chap with no money

        She escaped with a young chap with no money

         

          To COME OF AGE- Cumplir mayoría de edad

        He hasn’t come of age yet

        He hasn’t come of age yet

        He hasn’t come of age yet

        He hasn’t come of age yet

        He hasn’t come of age yet

        He hasn’t come of age yet

         

        To CHEER- animar

        This cheered him

        This cheered him

        This cheered him

        This cheered him

        This cheered him

        This cheered him

        This cheered him  

         

        ENCHANTED- encantado

        Dorian Gray seemed enchanted

        Dorian Gray seemed enchanted

        Dorian Gray seemed enchanted

        Dorian Gray seemed enchanted

        Dorian Gray seemed enchanted

         

         

        Chapter 4

        ILL HUMOUR- Malhumorado

        The young man seemed to be in ill humour

        The young man seemed to be in ill humour

        The young man seemed to be in ill humour

        The young man seemed to be in ill humour

         

        SHRILL voice- Voz chillona

        Replied a shrill voice

        Replied a shrill voice

        Replied a shrill voice

        Replied a shrill voice

        Replied a shrill voice

        Replied a shrill voice

         

         

        DISHEVELED- Desaliñado

        She was an ordinary woman and seemed disheveled

        She was an ordinary woman and seemed disheveled

        She was an ordinary woman and seemed disheveled

        She was an ordinary woman and seemed disheveled

         

        To FALL IN LOVE- Enamorarse

        Who have you fallen in love with?

        Who have you fallen in love with?

        Who have you fallen in love with?

        Who have you fallen in love with?

        Who have you fallen in love with?

        Who have you fallen in love with?

         

        STOCKY- Corpulento

        Romeo was a stocky, elderly gentleman

        Romeo was a stocky, elderly gentleman

        Romeo was a stocky, elderly gentleman

        Romeo was a stocky, elderly gentleman

         

        SHY- tímido/a

        She is so shy and delicate

        She is so shy and delicate

        She is so shy and delicate

        She is so shy and delicate

        She is so shy and delicate

        She is so shy and delicate

         

         

        Chapter 5

        To WHISPER- Susurrar

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

        “I am so happy” whispered the girl

         

        To OWE - Deber

        We owe him money

        We owe him money

        We owe him money

        We owe him money

        We owe him money

        We owe him money 

         

        To STROKE- Acariciar

        She was stroking the sleeve of his coat

        She was stroking the sleeve of his coat

        She was stroking the sleeve of his coat

        She was stroking the sleeve of his coat

         

        To DITHER(ED) – Vacilar

        He dithered for a moment

        He dithered for a moment

        He dithered for a moment

        He dithered for a moment

        He dithered for a moment

        He dithered for a moment

         

         

        Chapter 6

        KNELT past tense of KNEEL – arrodillarse

        Later she knelt and kissed my hands

        Later she knelt and kissed my hands

        Later she knelt and kissed my hands

        Later she knelt and kissed my hands

         

        To AGE (D)- Envejecer

        Basil felt he had aged several years

        Basil felt he had aged several years

        Basil felt he had aged several years

        Basil felt he had aged several years

         

         

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