Lesson 7
The Present Continuous and -Ing Forms

The Present Continuous and -Ing forms

The more you repeat them, the better you’ll say them.


Remember what I said in the previous lesson about winning the battle with verbs. In order to do this, you must:

  1. Learn the verbs in sentences within the context of a story.
  2. Listen and repeat them until they sound completely familiar to you.

Now, we are going to concentrate on the Present Continuous and verbs in the –ing form.


Let’s learn some basic information about this tense first.

Present Continuous

Structure:

  • Affirmative: Subject + am/is/are + main verb ending in –ing + object Example: I’m studying at the library.
  • Negative: Subject + am/is/are + not + main verb ending in –ing + object. Example: They aren’t studying at home.
  • Question: Am/is/are + subject + main verb ending in –ing  + object? Are you studying at home?
  • Negative question: Am/is/are + not + subject + main verb ending in íng + object? Example: Aren’t you studying at home?
  • Answers: Yes, + subject + am/is/are- No, +subject+not+ am/is/are Examples:  Yes, I am- No, I’m not.

Example “Present Continuous” audiobook. Chapter 4. I see that you are laughing.


Spanish equivalent tense: Presente continuo. Example: Estoy estudiando en la biblioteca.  Notice: the Spanish endings –ando, endo can be translated in English with an –ing form. Caminando- Walking- Comiendo- eating .


When do we use this tense?

When we want to speak about actions that are taking place at the moment of speaking (NOW) or are still in progress but will finish at a specific moment, we use the Present Continuous.


Examples:

- What are you saying? (NOW)

- I’m reading a book (not exactly now, but the action hasn’t finished yet)